Skip to main content

Table 21 Immediate predecessors of the service development process by the crowdfunding alternatives

From: A hybrid heterogeneous Pythagorean fuzzy group decision modelling for crowdfunding development process pathways of fintech-based clean energy investment projects

Criteria/process

D − E

Immediate predecessors

Equity-based

  

Design (criterion 1)/activity 1

− 0.275

Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2

1.457

Activity 1

Development (criterion 3)/activity 3

1.116

Activity 2

Full launch (criterion 4)/activity 4

− 2.299

Activity 2, Activity 3

Reward-based

Design (criterion 1)/Activity 1

0.365

Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2

0.943

Activity 1

Development (criterion 3)/activity 3

0.486

Activity 1, Activity 2

Full launch (criterion 4)/activity 4

− 1.794

Activity 1, Activity 2, Activity 3

Debt-based

Design (criterion 1)/activity 1

0.514

Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2

− 0.457

Activity 1

Development (criterion 3)/Activity 3

− 0.261

Activity 1

Full launch (criterion 4)/activity 4

0.205

Activity 1

Royalty-based

Design (criterion 1)/activity 1

− 1.384

Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2

0.026

Activity 1

Development (criterion 3)/activity 3

1.192

Activity 1, Activity 2

Full launch (criterion 4)/Activity 4

0.165

Activity 1, Activity 2, Activity 3

Donation-based

Design (criterion 1)/activity 1

− 0.701

Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2

0.983

Activity 1

Development (criterion 3)/activity 3

− 0.396

Activity 1, Activity 2

Full launch (criterion 4)/activity 4

0.114

Activity 1, Activity 2