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Table 21 Immediate predecessors of the service development process by the crowdfunding alternatives

From: A hybrid heterogeneous Pythagorean fuzzy group decision modelling for crowdfunding development process pathways of fintech-based clean energy investment projects

Criteria/process D − E Immediate predecessors
Equity-based   
Design (criterion 1)/activity 1 − 0.275
Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2 1.457 Activity 1
Development (criterion 3)/activity 3 1.116 Activity 2
Full launch (criterion 4)/activity 4 − 2.299 Activity 2, Activity 3
Reward-based
Design (criterion 1)/Activity 1 0.365
Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2 0.943 Activity 1
Development (criterion 3)/activity 3 0.486 Activity 1, Activity 2
Full launch (criterion 4)/activity 4 − 1.794 Activity 1, Activity 2, Activity 3
Debt-based
Design (criterion 1)/activity 1 0.514
Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2 − 0.457 Activity 1
Development (criterion 3)/Activity 3 − 0.261 Activity 1
Full launch (criterion 4)/activity 4 0.205 Activity 1
Royalty-based
Design (criterion 1)/activity 1 − 1.384
Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2 0.026 Activity 1
Development (criterion 3)/activity 3 1.192 Activity 1, Activity 2
Full launch (criterion 4)/Activity 4 0.165 Activity 1, Activity 2, Activity 3
Donation-based
Design (criterion 1)/activity 1 − 0.701
Analysis (criterion 2)/activity 2 0.983 Activity 1
Development (criterion 3)/activity 3 − 0.396 Activity 1, Activity 2
Full launch (criterion 4)/activity 4 0.114 Activity 1, Activity 2