Skip to main content

Table 20 The values of D, E, and weights of criteria for the crowdfunding alternatives

From: A hybrid heterogeneous Pythagorean fuzzy group decision modelling for crowdfunding development process pathways of fintech-based clean energy investment projects

Criteria D E D + E D − E Weights
Equity-based      
Design (criterion 1) 8.314 8.589 16.903 − 0.275 0.263
Analysis (criterion 2) 7.619 6.162 13.781 1.457 0.214
Development (criterion 3) 8.781 7.664 16.445 1.116 0.256
Full launch (criterion 4) 7.451 9.750 17.201 − 2.299 0.267
Reward-based
Design (criterion 1) 4.551 4.186 8.737 0.365 0.240
Analysis (criterion 2) 5.255 4.312 9.566 0.943 0.262
Development (criterion 3) 4.650 4.163 8.813 0.486 0.242
Full launch (criterion 4) 3.781 5.575 9.357 − 1.794 0.257
Debt-based
Design (criterion 1) 6.223 5.709 11.933 0.514 0.244
Analysis (criterion 2) 5.175 5.633 10.808 − 0.457 0.221
Development (criterion 3) 6.151 6.412 12.563 − 0.261 0.257
Full launch (criterion 4) 6.883 6.678 13.561 0.205 0.278
Royalty-based
Design (criterion 1) 3.546 4.930 8.477 − 1.384 0.263
Analysis (criterion 2) 3.886 3.860 7.746 0.026 0.240
Development (criterion 3) 4.766 3.574 8.341 1.192 0.259
Full launch (criterion 4) 3.920 3.754 7.674 0.165 0.238
Donation-based
Design (criterion 1) 2.474 3.174 5.648 − 0.701 0.265
Analysis (criterion 2) 3.437 2.454 5.891 0.983 0.277
Development (criterion 3) 2.097 2.493 4.590 − 0.396 0.216
Full launch (criterion 4) 2.637 2.523 5.160 0.114 0.242