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Table 1 Data description and data sources

From: Evaluating the exchange rate and commodity price nexus in Malaysia: evidence from the threshold cointegration approach

Variable name Description Data Source
Nominal exchange rate (NER) Nominal Malaysian Ringgit, per US dollar (average) Central Bank of Malaysia
Oil price (OP) OPEC basket price per barrel Organization of the Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC)
Palm oil price (PO) Crude palm oil/Ton Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM)
Rubber price (RUB) General rubber, FOB, Sen/kg Malaysian Rubber Exchange
Natural gas price (NG) Liquefied natural gas Curn Department of Statistics Malaysia (DOSM)