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Table 6 Short Run ARDL Results

From: The relationship between energy consumption, economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions in Pakistan

VariableCoefficientStd. Errort-StatisticProb.
D (Coal consumption)0.03740.01183.18120.0030
D (Natural gas consumption)0.11190.03882.88090.0066
D (Natural gas consumption(− 1))0.09690.03732.60080.0133
D (Oil consumption)0.00120.00024.77270.0000
D (Per capita income)0.00270.00151.87630.0685
ECT(−1)− 0.26820.1034− 2.59350.0135