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Table 4 Bounds test for the existence of Co-Integration

From: The relationship between energy consumption, economic growth and carbon dioxide emissions in Pakistan

Dependent variablesF-StatisticsOutcomes
FCO2(CO2|PCI, COLCNM, NTGCNM, OLCNM)5.2017Co-integration
FPCI (PCI|CO2, COLCNM, NTGCNM, OLCNM)11.2702Co-integration
FCOLCNM (COLCNM|CO2, PCI, NTGCNM, OLCNM)14.0254Co-integration
FNTGCNM (NTGCNM|CO2, PCI, COLCNM, OLCNM)6.6677Co-integration
FOLCNM (OLCNM|CO2, PCI, COLCNM, NTGCNM)3.6615Inconclusive
Critical Bounds Values
SignificanceI(0) BoundI(1) Bound
10%2.453.52
5%2.864.01
2.5%3.254.49
1%3.745.06